Dictionary Definition

microelectronics n : the branch of electronics that deals with miniature components

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

; p
  1. The study, science, subject, or manufacture of microelectronic devices.
  2. Microelectronic devices as a non-specific mass.
  3. Plural of microelectronic

Extensive Definition

Microelectronics is a subfield of electronics. Microelectronics, as the name suggests, is related to the study and manufacture of electronic components which are very small (usually micron-scale or smaller, but not always). These devices are made from semiconductors using a process known as photolithography. Many components of normal electronic design are available in microelectronic equivalent: transistors, capacitors, inductors, resistors, diodes and of course insulators and conductors can all be found in microelectronic devices.
Digital integrated circuits (ICs) consist mostly of transistors. Analog circuits commonly contain resistors and capacitors as well. Inductors are used in some high frequency analog circuits, but tend to occupy large chip area if used at low frequencies; gyrators can replace them.
As techniques improve, the scale of microelectronic components continues to decrease. At smaller scales, the relative impact of intrinsic circuit properties such as interconnections may become more significant. These are called parasitic effects, and the goal of the microelectronics design engineer is to find ways to compensate for or to minimize these effects, while always delivering smaller, faster, and cheaper devices.
microelectronics in Asturian: Microelectrónica
microelectronics in Bengali: মাইক্রোইলেকট্রনিক্স
microelectronics in Bulgarian: Микроелектроника
microelectronics in Catalan: Microelectrònica
microelectronics in German: Mikroelektronik
microelectronics in Spanish: Microelectrónica
microelectronics in French: Micro-électronique
microelectronics in Galician: Microelectrónica
microelectronics in Hebrew: מיקרואלקטרוניקה
microelectronics in Hungarian: Mikroelektronika
microelectronics in Polish: Mikroelektronika
microelectronics in Portuguese: Microeletrônica
microelectronics in Russian: Микроэлектроника
microelectronics in Albanian: Mikroelektronika
microelectronics in Slovak: Mikroelektronika
microelectronics in Serbian: Микроелектроника
microelectronics in Swedish: Mikroelektronik
microelectronics in Thai: ไมโครอิเล็กทรอนิกส์
microelectronics in Chinese: 微电子学
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